Buffered Input/Output

Java also supports creation of buffers to store temporarily data that is read from or written to a stream. The process is known as buffered I/O operation. A buffer sits between the program and the source or destination and functions like a filter. Buffers can be created using the BufferedWriter and BufferedReader classes. Previous tutorials we’ve seen so far use unbuffered Input/Output(FileWriter, FileReader). This means each read or write request is handled directly by the underlying OS.


This can make a program much less efficient, since each such request often triggers disk access, network activity, or some other operation that is relatively expensive. To reduce this kind of overhead, the Java platform implements buffered I/O streams. The BufferedReader and BufferedWriter classes provide internal character buffers. Text that’s written to a buffered writer is stored in the internal buffer and only written to the underlying writer when the buffer fills up or is flushed.


Likewise, reading text from a buffered reader may cause more characters to be read than were requested; the extra characters are stored in an internal buffer. Future reads first access characters from the internal buffer and only access the underlying reader when the buffer is emptied.




The BufferedReader class possesses the functionality of reading buffers of characters from a file. In the following program, an object of FileReader class is first created and associated with the data file output.txt. Then, an object of BufferedReader class is created. Subsequently, the names of four national parks, which have been written into the data file output.txt in previous program, are retrieved, one by one, by invoking the readLine( ) method of the BufferedReader class, and then displayed. Finally, buffered reader object is closed. Closing a br also causes the underlying stream fr to be closed.

BufferedReader Constructors

Constructors Description
BufferedReader(Reader in) Creates a buffering character-input stream that uses a default-sized(8192 character) input buffer.
BufferedReader(Reader in, int size) Creates a buffering character-input stream that uses an input buffer of the specified size.

BufferedReader Methods

Method Description
int read() Reads a single character.
int read(char[] buf) Reads characters into an array.
int read(char[] buf, int off, int len) Reads characters into a portion of an array.
String readLine() Reads a line of text.
boolean ready() Tells whether this stream is ready to be read.
boolean markSupported() Tells whether this stream supports the mark() operation, which it does.
void mark(int readAheadLimit) Sets the current marked position in the stream. The parameter gives the maximum limit of bytes that can be read before the marked position becomes invalid.
void reset() Resets the stream to the most recent mark.
long skip(long n) Skips over and discards n characters of data from the input stream.
void close() Closes the stream and releases any system resources associated with it.




Program Source


class Javaapp {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        FileReader fr = null;
        BufferedReader br = null;
            fr = new FileReader("output.txt");
            br = new BufferedReader(fr);
            String getline = null;
        }catch(IOException io)
            System.out.println("Exception : "+io);
            }catch(IOException io)
                System.out.println("Exception : "+io);

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